Second female Vice President of the East Africa Law Society

Maria Mbeneka is no stranger to many especially in the legal circles having vied unsuccessfully for a seat in the Law Society of Kenya (LSK) earlier this year.

She is also a notable lawyer with a bias towards Conveyance which is the transfer of ownership in real property such as homes from one person to another.

Mbeneka also practices in Intellectual Property Law which deals with issues such as copyright and trademark, as well as in Family and Civil Law dealing with matters such as successions.

“I have practiced law for the last 13 years and those have been very rewarding years,” Mbeneka observes.

It is therefore clear that her journey to the busy and intimidating Kenyan Courts did not start yesterday, in fact her interest is the law is well linked to the activities that surrounded the fight for multiparty politics and democracy in this country.

Growing up in Nairobi, she would every now and then see the police make impromptu and frightening visits to the neighborhood where she and her family lived.

Many would peep behind window curtains and closed doors for this were different times and freedoms of expression and association were much more limited.

Many knew that the police were not making courtesy calls or in regular patrols to maintain security, they often came to arrest notable politician James Orengo, now a Senator, who had become a person of interest for his outspoken views on democracy and governance.

Turning point

This was in the late eighties and it went on through most of the nineties. In 1990 specifically, Mbeneka became even more aware of these visits by the police, she had just joined form one in Machakos Girls High School.

The sight of trouble, especially the kind that involves the police and jail cells should have made any teenage recoil in fear but those incidences significantly changed the course of young Mbeneka’s life.

“I grew up in the same neighborhood where notable persons in the fight for democracy such as Njeri Kabeberi, Maina Kiai and James Orengo also lived. In fact Maina Kiai gave me my first copy ever of the Constitution at the time,” she says.

Often, Mbeneka would wonder what would make a person to sacrifice their own freedom and comfort to fight for others “I would see Jaramogi Odinga make visits to James Orengo’s house,” she says.

This means that unlike most teenagers, she had in a way a front row seat of the period during which the one party system begun to unravel and people became bolder in their pursuit of democracy.

She also saw in person political figures that her peers only read about in history books and it was left to their imagination to create a mental image of who these political figures were.

“I knew then that I wanted to be a lawyer. After my fourth year I did not however qualify to study law in Kenya and my first option was to travel to the United Kingdom but it was too expensive,” Mbeneka expounds.

She therefore joined Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University in India. Here, it was a requirement that she first studies a Bachelor in Social Legislation before the Bachelor of Law degree.

Practice

It took her the specified five years to accomplish both graduating with first class honors in the Bachelor of Law degree.

Mbeneka was neither the only African or Kenyan studying law in India.

There were many others, in fact, there were two male law students, one senior, the other her peer who would later shape her career in very significant ways. But that would come later.

Upon returning to Kenya she joined the mandatory School of Law and should have consequently been admitted to the bar to practice in 2001 but she took a break to welcome her first child, a son. She also has a 10 year old daughter.

In the intervening years before Mbeneka would make it to the bar in 2003, she participated in very critical processes such as the Constitutional review in Bomas in 2002, processes that shaped her value system and work as an advocate.

Mbeneka joined the E.K Kimani law firm in 2003. Kimani had also studied in India.

She worked under his leadership for two years and in 2005, E.K Kimani became Kimani Kabucho Mbeneka Advocates.

She had made it as a partner in a law firm. A dream that had come just two years into her practice with the two male students who just like Mbeneka, had also travelled to study law in India years before.

Challenge

“The main challenge we faced is that we were new faces and especially in legal matters, people take time to warm up to new faces but we were not discouraged, we worked very hard to build a name and a profile to ensure that business picked up faster,” Mbeneka expounds.

It was therefore not long before clients came calling and the business has kept growing.

“We were friends before business and shared similar experiences having studied in India. This has made it very easy to form the kind of partnership where we might each have different clients but our responsibility to these clients is always singular,” she says.

Further saying that this means that in the absence of one partner “work does not stop, we step in for the interest of all our clients.”

For a lawyer, it is also very curious that she is also Chair and Director of Ghetto Radio 89.5 FM which is a Sheng Station offering news, views and entertainment by people from the urban ghetto.

“I represented two artists in court and one was working for Ghetto radio. The station was under a Trustee at the time and they were impressed with the work that I did and I was brought on board to join legal advisory,” she says.

Appointment

And the rest as they say is history. Moving forward, by virtue of her practice, Mbeneka was appointed to join the Industrial Property Tribunal where she was not only a member but the Vice Chair of the tribunal serving between 2010 and 2013.

“The Tribunal is a specialized court dealing with any matter touching on patenting, Industrial Designs and Utility Models among others,” she explains.

Further saying that the Industrial Property Tribunal also hears any appeals emerging from decisions made by the Director of the Kenya Industrial Property Institute (KIPI).

“If for example one applies for a patent to KIPI and they are not satisfied with the decision, the Tribunal becomes the Court of first instance meaning that you do not go to the High Court but to the Tribunal for the matter to be resolved,” Mbeneka expounds.

It is during her tenure where the team at the Tribunal managed to successfully get the commercial division of the High Court to transfer all matters relating to patenting, industry designs and utility designs among others to be transferred to the Tribunal making it easier to fast track such cases.

But despite her many other interest, Mbeneka’s work in Court has not missed a beat.

three lawyers win excellence awards

HIGH Court judge Justice Isaac Lenaola and three lawyers have won excellence awards from the East Africa Law Society.

Lenaola, Law Society of Kenya council member James Mwamu, senior counsel Tom Ojienda and Irene Ndegwa were recognised at the 20th EALS annual conference in Zanzibar.

The EALS President Nassor Khamis Mohamed honoured them during the November 27-28 meeting.

In a statement yesterday, LSK said Mwamu won the EALS Presidents Award for setting milestones.

Mwamu, the immediate former EALS President, won the EALS Anniversary Award 2015 for exemplary service.

Lenaola won the EALS Honorary Membership Award for supporting and contributing to the development of regional jurisprudence.

Ojienda was awarded the EALS Anniversary Award 2015 for exemplary service to the organisation during his tenure as president from 2006 to 2008.

Irene Ndegwa won the EALS Young Lawyer of the Year Award for dynamism and promise in applying the law for individual and collective good.

Other regional lawyers who were honoured include Salum Toufique from Zanzibar (Senior Lawyer of the Year), Justice Bart Katurebe from Uganda (Career Achievement Award) and Muyango Astere from Burundi (Young Lawyer).

Speaker challenges legal fraternity to keep integration “alive and burning”

The EAC stands to gain immensely through an enhanced people- centred approach and driven integration. In this regard, the legal fraternity should and can play a key role in sensitizing citizens on the integration process, EALA Speaker, Rt. Hon Daniel Fred Kidega has said.

The Speaker made the remarks in Arusha when he met with representatives of the East Africa Law Society (EALS) at the Speaker’s Chambers. The delegation paid the EALA Speaker a courtesy call to introduce the incoming Chief Executive Officer, Mr John Patrick Okoth.

The EALA Speaker told the regional law society officials to take a lead role in bringing the legal fraternity and the civil society to speed on matters of regional integration. The Speaker challenged EALS to work with Partner States to ensure speedy realization of approximation of national laws to the Community Acts. He cited the full implementation of the Common Market Protocol as another area that should fully interest the legal fraternity. The Speaker further said it was important for EALS to spread its tentacles to the Republic of South Sudan, given its recent admission into the regional bloc.

“We need to enhance a symbiotic relationship between the legislative body and yourselves and to consult every so often on matters of legislation that improve the lives of East Africans,” Rt. Hon Kidega said. He said the Assembly would work closely with the EALS to ensure outstanding issues in the EAC Cross Border Legal Practice Bill, 2014 were addressed.

In attendance were EALS’ Programme Officers, Ms. Brenda Dosio and Ms Lydia Taima Munganyinka.

The EALS CEO, John Patrick Okoth reiterated the regional law society had intensified its efforts in strengthening the integration process through advocacy around the EAC. He maintained this would be done while holding Partner States to account on matters of good governance, rule of law and human rights in accordance with the EAC Treaty. Mr Okoth said EALS was ready for active and productive engagement with EALA and other stakeholders.

On her part, Ms Brenda Dosio, Programme Officer, Legal and Policy Analysis, said EALS would soon be reviewing its Strategic Plan to strengthen the institution and make it more robust, while Lydia Taima Munganyinka Programme Assistant, Public Interest Litigation, lauded the Assembly for the role it continues to play in the integration process.

EALS has in the recent past referenced a number of applications before the East African Court of Justice (EACJ). The recent cases include Reference No. 1 of 2011 of The East Africa Law Society Vs The Secretary General of the East African Community challenging certain provisions in the Common Market Protocol that according to EALS, purport to oust the jurisdiction of the EACJ. Another case pits The East Africa Law Society Vs The Attorney General of the Republic of Uganda and the Secretary General of the East African Community and concerns what the Society calls human rights violations in Uganda during the ‘Walk to Work’ processions. A third case relates to the rendition of Kenyan citizens to Uganda with a view to defining the legal environment for combating transboundary crimes.

Mr John Patrick Okoth who joined the EALS this month, has a rich background in both law and diplomacy. He is a former Deputy Ambassador of Kenya to the Netherlands and the Czech Republic. He was once Principal State Counsel in the State Law Office and the Department of Justice, in the Republic of Kenya. Within the diplomatic circles, Mr Okoth is fondly remembered at the Hague for his able handling of the renegotiations of the Treaty Establishing the Common Fund for Commodities among other accomplishments.

Mr Okoth who replaces Mr Tito Byenkya, is expected to steer the Secretariat of the regional bar association, as it redefines its role within the region through the development of a new Strategic Plan for the organization.

The organization headquartered in Arusha, is largest organized professional/ civil society dual membership organization in the region with a strong mandate and interest in the professional development of its members. Its membership spans to over thirteen thousand. The bar associations include the Burundi Bar Association (BBA), Kigali Bar Association (KBA), Law Society of Kenya (LSK), Tanganyika Law Society (TLS), Uganda Law Society (ULS) and the Zanzibar Law Society. EALS enjoys an observer status at the EAC.

Switch on TV signals

The  Communication Authority (CA) of Kenya has been asked to switch on signals for TV stations which it shut down on Tuesday for broadcasting Raila Odinga’s swearing in ceremony at Uhuru Park in Nairobi.

The  Former  East  Africa Law Society President, James  Mwamu  said the decision by the Communication Authority to shut down the signals lacked any legal backing and was unconstitutional.

Mwamu  said the authority violated the rights of Kenyans by denying them the right to information as enshrined in the Constitution.

Speaking at a press conference in Kisumu  on Wednesday, Mwamu termed the move as an abuse of office and a breach of the Constitutional rights of media owners and Kenyans.

“If the government felt that what the media houses were airing was unlawful then the Communication Authority should have written to the Media Council of Kenya, citing the acts that the broadcasters were contravening for appropriate action to be taken rather that switch off the signals,” he said.

The advocate asked all the affected media houses to move to court and seek compensation from the government following the losses occasioned by the blackout.

Mwamu, who is also in the race for the Law Society of Kenya (LSK) presidency, challenged the society to move to court over the matter to protect public interest.

The advocate, who has contested twice and lost, is facing stiff competition from Nairobi based lawyer, Nelson  Havi  and  Litigation  advocate, Allen  Waiyaki Gichuhi in the elections slated for next month.

Three Kenyans elected to the East Africa Law Society Council

Law Society of East African Lawyers meeting in Dar es salaam this past weekend elected into office a new Executive Council (Board) headed by Mr. Richard Mugisha, one of Rwanda’s top lawyers, as President. This was during the Annual General Meeting of the East Africa Law Society, the umbrella body for East Africa’s Lawyers, held on Saturday 26th November 2016, at the Julius Nyerere International Convention Centre in Dar es salaam.

Ms. Maria Mbeneka was elected Second Vice President of the East Africa Law Society. Law Society of Kenya (LSK) Council Members, Ms. Harriete Chiggai, was also elected as Deputy Secretary General while Mr. David Njoroge elected as Council Member of the regional professional body.
The Law Society of Kenya President Mr. Isaac E.N Okero congratulated the three Kenyan lawyers and expressed confidence in them.

Earlier, the Tanzania Prime Minister Rt. Hon. Kassim Majaliwa officially opened the 21st East Africa Law Society Annual Conference. The theme of the Annual Conference was “Enhancing Business Competitiveness Through a Greater Democratization of East Africa.”  The Prime Minister  lauded EALS and Bar Associations from the region for standing for the Rule of Law.

The Prime Minister hailed EALS for finalizing the Mutual Recognition Agreement for Lawyers which is awaiting signatures by Attorney Generals of member States. The Premier issued directions for the Justice and Constitutional Minister and Attorney General of Tanzania to advice the Government on the MRA for Tanzania to be on board. The Conference attracted over 600 members from the region.

EALS Signs MoU with the Conference of Western Attorney Generals

East Africa Law Society has entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with CWAGG towards increasing its capacity to offer training to members. The agreement provides the framework for cooperation between the two organizations. CWAGG is a global leader in providing cutting-edge training in justice administration processes, and recently partnered with EALS to train members on forensic evidence and cybercrimes.

The agreement was signed by President Richard Mugisha, on behalf of EALS and Marcus Green, on behalf of CWAGG. Witnessing the ceremony were over 80 delegates attending the EALS-CWAGG international workshop on forensic evidence and cybercrimes at the Park Inn Hotel in Kigali.

Taking note of human rights

This week marks the seven-year anniversary of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. Law firms are increasingly working with African law firms and others on these issues, in the second of ALB’s two-part analysis.

Last year, the international development law charity Advocates for International Development (A4ID) worked with the East Africa Law Society (EALS) to run professional development workshops on the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs), which set out those international standards on businesses’ responsibility to respect human rights.

The workshops, delivered in various jurisdictions in the region, helped local lawyers implement the UNGPs which assist in the mitigation of corporate-related human rights harm within some of East Africa’s fast growing economies.

Both Morrison & Foerster and Allen & Overy (A&O) worked with A4ID in delivering the roadshows in Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya and Zanzibar, with follow-up training being done by EALS locally.

A4ID’s chief executive Yasmin Batliwala said that, with East Africa recording the fastest economic growth on the African continent, “this is an opportune moment for an exchange between legal practitioners on the fundamental role of the legal profession in driving responsible and sustainable growth and development”.

This was a development welcomed by Isaac Okero of Behan & Okero Advocates, the chairperson of the EALS professional development committee who called the initiative “an essential component of professional development” in supporting knowledge building on business and human rights.

Brenda Dosio, also of EALS, added: “Disseminating information on the responsibilities of companies towards human rights with regard to, for example, labour practices, and the development of human rights policies are important and timely given the large plantations and growing extractive sector in the region.”

TAKING HUMAN RIGHTS SERIOUSLY

Gauthier van Thuyne, an A&O partner based in Brussels and a member of the International Bar Association’s taskforce on climate change and human rights, told ALB that: “Our commercial clients across the world are increasingly taking human rights considerations into account when making major investment decisions, in M&A transactions or when scrutinising their supply chains.”

He says: “We approached our workshops in Tanzania and Uganda as a collaborative process and peer-to-peer learning experience. We had just as much to learn from our East African colleagues with their on the ground knowledge of things like the real impacts of large mining and development projects, as they do from us.”

Cooperation with EALS on the workshops “certainly galvanised their members to take part”, he adds,  it was “essential to partner with local law firms and law societies, as well as business, government and the community, to help integrate consideration of human rights risks as part of business transactions”.

That journey, said van Thuyne, required some delicacy: “One issue which requires particular sensitivity here and which we are learning more about is the treatment and responsibilities of state-owned enterprises, which are more prevalent in Africa, as well as issues of transparency and corruption.”

He noted: “We have seen Kenya take a lead in Africa on developing a National Action Plan on business and human rights, with the national baseline assessment being carried out by the Kenyan Human Rights Commission and the Danish Institute on Human Rights.”

To him, such developments are all positive as a form of “North/South collaboration” in reflecting local conditions, and providing guidance for other countries in the ‘Global South’, saying: “Our workshops are just one small piece of a puzzle which is building up over time through the efforts of the UN working group on business and human rights, the African Union, forward-looking businesses, civil society organisations and many others.”

TRANSPARENCY AND COMPLIANCE

One issue that arises out of the work done by law firms on human rights, as previously reported by ALB, is that to companies which arises from being transparent about risks and impacts in their operations and supply chain.

Issues about transparency and corporate compliance have arisen in cases involving conflict minerals, for example, with African nations giving rise to significant concerns, over time.

The ‘soft law’ responsibility to respect human rights, like the UNGPs, is increasingly changing into ‘hard law’, with corporates, including African-focused companies and their local subsidiaries, looking at whether they have the jurisdiction to consider human rights impacts which occur overseas and throughout a business’ supply chain.

Those businesses that fail to take compliance seriously open themselves up to potential criminal and civil liability, not to mention devastating adverse publicity. While not exclusively aimed at Africa, UK-headquartered law firm Norton Rose Fulbright and the British Institute of International & Comparative Law (BIICL) have also looked into how supply chains might be affected.

Following in the footsteps of Hogan Lovells and Debevoise & Plimpton in raising awareness of this issue, Lise Smit, associate senior research fellow in business and human rights at BIICL explains why it is important: “The UNGPs expect companies to undertake human rights due diligence to identify, prevent and mitigate their human rights impacts, including those which occur in their supply chain.”

MANAGING SUPPLY CHAINS

Both bodies published a major report on managing human rights in supply chains, entitled ‘Making sense of managing human rights issues in supply chains’ which aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the legal and regulatory framework relevant to the management of human rights in supply chains.

Like the IBA’s Practical Guide on Business and Human Rights for Business Lawyers, the new report discusses the components of human rights due diligence in supply chains and sets out observations of current practice and best practice recommendations.

The 2018 report follows a 2016 global study by Norton Rose Fulbright and BIICL which revealed that a significant number of businesses neglected potential human rights risks in their supply chains.

That survey revealed that almost half of surveyed businesses had never undertaken human rights due diligence exercise – leading to the 2018 survey.

Among the key findings, the study revealed that beyond a handful of leading companies with more sophisticated human rights and supply chain management programmes, there appears to be a lack of knowledge about managing human rights issues in supply chains, particularly among smaller companies.

Additionally, the report found, collective action, including through sectoral, cross-sectoral and multi-stakeholder initiatives, is particularly beneficial where the nature of the supply chain is more opaque.

Indeed, without effective intra-industry collaboration in carrying out human rights due diligence, while also aligning purchasing practices with human rights expectations, suppliers may be subject to unnecessary cost and time burdens to comply with multiple audits, training and screening exercises of their customers.

BATTLES OVER CORPORATE PARENTAL LIABILITY

 ALB readers will be aware that, following the 2018 judgments in Lungowe v Vedanta Resources and Konkola Copper Mines and Okpabi v Royal Dutch Shell, both in the English Court of Appeal, there is developing case law around the recognition of a legal duty of care based on principles of control.

Although the majority decision in Okpabi found that the claimants were unable to demonstrate that Shell owed a duty of care to those affected by the actions of a subsidiary, there was a significant dissent by Lord Justice Sales, who found for the claimants.

Sales LJ, while agreeing with the majority that setting global standards to guide the conduct of operating subsidiaries would not lead to the imposition of a duty of care, considered that such global standards were significant, where, for example, such standards provided a mechanism for the projection of real practical executive control.

With the claimants aiming to reach the UK Supreme Court, Okpabi illustrates that such an issue is not going to go away, with a briefing from A&O commenting that a responsibility for implementing and overseeing policies, including human rights focused ones, “should be… firmly seated at subsidiary level”.

That, the firm said, “should help to promote better compliance and awareness of… human rights issues by foreign subsidiaries”.

Cases like this underscore why NRF partner Milana Chamberlain commented at the time of the launch of her firm’s report: “Global supply chains continue to increase in complexity and it is vital that companies build a complete picture of the impacts that their activities have on human rights, local communities and the environment.”

She added: “As illustrated by our 2016 study, many businesses are unaware of their actual human rights impacts and lack tools for effective supply chain management,” saying that the report went some way to illustrating why this was an issue, and how to address it.

Smit agrees, saying: “Many companies are only just starting to explore the complexities of such supply chain human rights due diligence. The legal landscape is developing fast, with increasing focus on a company’s control over the human rights impacts of its supply chain.”

NRF is not the only firm to engage with clients on this issue.  Hogan Lovells has also published its own guidance, aimed at the energy and natural resources sector.  Research carried out by the UN reveals that business-related human rights impacts are more common in this sector than any other.

Hogan Lovells partners Warren BeechJulianne Hughes-Jennett and consultant Peter Hood, have developed an Energy and Natural Resources Guide for in-house lawyers, launching the same at an industry event in Johannesburg for companies operating in the African extractive sector, with other guides set to follow.

Such initiatives illustrate that, where Africa is concerned, human rights and business law go hand-in-hand.

New LSK President

Allen Gichuhi is the new President of the Law Society of Kenya.

Gichuhi emerged the winner after garnering 2,675 votes against his rival James Mwamu’s 2,145 in the vote that took place on Thursday.

He takes over from Isaac Okero who has been at the helm of the lawyers’ body for the last two years.

This was the second time that Gichuhi and Mwamu ran for the post.

Mwamu, a Kisumu-based lawyer and former East Africa Law Society chairman got 1,378 votes then, beating Gichui by only seven.

During his campaigns, Gichui outlined the Arbitration Center and problems young lawyers face at the Kenya School of Law as immediate issues that he will fix.

While congratulating him, Elgeyo Marakwet Senator Kipchuma Murkomen termed his victory impressive.

Murkomen, a lawyer who is also the Senate Majority leader, wrote on Twitter: “I wish you God’s grace as you serve us and the country.”

To Mwamu, he wrote: “You fought the good fight. You are a gentleman. You will live to fight another day. LSK is a Family, let’s move forward together as we should.”

Lawyer Nelson Havi was locked out of the race as he had not practised for 15 years as LSK laws state.

“The engineered scandals against you only made you more popular,” he said in his message to Chiggai.

At least 20 women lawyers were cleared for positions that were up for grabs in the society.

The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission managed the election in which at least 9,009 lawyers across the country participated.

The exercise attracted a lot of interest from across the political divide.

Politicians want their people at the helm of the LSK because it influences the appointment of magistrates and judges, including the Chief Justice.

“There is a definite attempt by the national political class to infiltrate, fund or influence lawyers on how they will vote. Some of the campaigns were expensive,” lawyer Danstan Omari told Star on phone on Friday, ahead of the vote.

Watoto Church Market Place Convention

Watoto Church has lined up a team of influential individuals from diverse spheres of influence to offer Ugandans vital information on industry trends, sales and marketing strategies, and innovative ideas that will help participants develop techniques to penetrate the exploding market.

The group will speak during the 4th Annual Watoto Church 2018 Market Place Convention under the theme; “Influence: Making Very Opportunity Count,” inspired by Ephesians 5:8-17.

“With the tagline Equip, Influence, Transform, Watoto Marketplace aims to address needs of its members in the primary areas of the marketplace, career and finances. If you are a Christian professional seeing to grow in your career and finances, or desire to influence positive transformation, this is the ministry for you,” the Church says.

Jun Shiomitsu, one of the expected speakers, founded the African Business Institute (ABI) in 2016.

As president of ABI, Jun has launched multiple companies in Uganda, Malawi, and Liberia and has also advised Japanese and US corporates expanding into the Africa continent.

With a proven track record of leading large-scale, strategic projects in financial services and other industries, Jun has successfully and seamlessly led multinational projects in Japan, South East Asia, Uganda, Malawi, the UK, the US, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, and more.

The Market Place Convention is slated for Thursday 7th June and 8th June, at Watoto Church – Down town (6pm).

On 9th June, 2018 the speakers will then usher participants to a Business Breakfast Meeting at Serena Hotel – Kampala from 9AM – 12PM. Organized in partnership with Y-SAVE Savings and Cooperatives.

The other speaker, Mr Stephen Asiimwe, who became the chief executive officer of the Uganda Tourism Board in February 2014, began his career with Uganda’s state linked newspaper, New Vision, as a business journalist with a passion for travel writing.

Asiimwe is a consultant with rich experience in leadership, management, marketing, human resource and journalism.

Also expected to address the convention is Mr Robert Kirunda, the founding partner at Kirunda and Wasike Advocates.

Robert is a member of the following professional bodies – Uganda Law Society, East African Law Society, Uganda Christian Lawyers Fraternity and has authored several publications.

He is also among the Board of Directors, Finance Trust Bank

The other speaker is Dr Diana Atwine, a Ugandan medical doctor and civil servant. She is the incumbent Permanent Secretary of the Uganda Ministry of Health.

She was previously a senior researcher in HIV  and infectious diseases at the Joint Clinical Research Center (JCRC) for over 10 years.

Dr. Diana is passionate about clinical care and medical ethics in practice as well as contributing to ensuring that health services are of quality, accessible, equitable and available to all Ugandans. She is married with 3 children.

By UG Christian News Correspondent.

Legal hurdles standing in Miguna’s way to become Nairobi deputy governor

Controversial lawyer Miguna Miguna could face several legal challenges in becoming Nairobi’s deputy governor if he were to be approved by the county assembly. According to legal experts, Miguna would first have to renounce his Canadian citizenship and regularise his Kenyan citizenship since the Constitution prohibits State officers from holding dual citizenship.

Another legal challenge the lawyer would face is clearance to enter the country to be vetted by MCAs over the status of his citizenship, which is pending determination in the High Court. Several lawyers argued that this would be the easiest way for the Government to stop Miguna from becoming the deputy governor. Former East Africa Law Society president James Mwamu said whereas Nairobi Governor Mike Sonko had the right to nominate any person, the choice of Miguna might not sail through easily.

Lawyer Demas Kiprono argued that Canada was not among the countries where a person cannot opt out of their citizenship, and that Miguna would then have no choice if approved as deputy governor but to renounce his Canadian ties.
Read more at: https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2001280848/legal-hurdles-standing-in-miguna-s-way-to-become-nairobi-deputy-governor